Luxembourg's development cooperation in Mali
Luxembourg and Mali are bound by close and long-standing ties. The policy pursued with this partner country is an exemplary illustration of the so-called "3D approach" in Luxembourg's foreign policy, where Luxembourg aims to combine diplomacy, development cooperation and defence policy as coherently as possible. Indeed, in Mali, development cooperation, humanitarian aid and security cooperation go hand in hand. At the political and diplomatic level, this cooperation relationship is complemented both by a regular bilateral political dialogue at ministerial level and by the active participation of Luxembourg in discussions both at the EU level and at the UN.
Historically, the first relations in terms of development cooperation were established in 1998 with the signing of a General Cooperation Agreement, before Mali gained partner country status in 1999. Successive Indicative Cooperation Programmes (ICP I 2003-2006, ICP II 2007- 2011) have been successfully implemented and Luxembourg remained at the side of its Malian partners during the serious political and security crisis it went through in 2012-2013.
The current ICP (ICP III 2015-2019) specifically targets the sectors of rural development, training and professional integration, as well as decentralisation and governance. It operates in the south of the country in the Ségou Region and the Yorosso Circle as well as in the North in the Kidal and Gao Regions. Between 2015 in 2019, Luxembourg's cooperation programme will support Mali with a package totalling 55 million euros. As with all the other programmes, this ICP with Mali was developed, and will be implemented, in close coordination with local authorities, involving bilateral (LuxDev, Proman) and multilateral (WFP, ILO, FAO and UNDP) executing agencies, as well as non-governmental organisations (SOS Faim) and the Universities of Luxembourg and Bamako. A Letter of Agreement was signed at the 9th partnership committee in Bamako in May 2016 in order to encourage all actors of the ICP III to continue building synergies and complementarities between there interventions so as to improve the coherence and effectiveness of Luxembourg's overall engagement in Mali.
Humanitarian aid is another tool of Luxembourg's development cooperation, and the needs in Mali are enormous. In 2015, the Grand Duchy provided more than 2.6 million euros for humanitarian projects, directly or via the United Nations and NGOs on the ground. Based on fundamental humanitarian principles, this emergency aid is clearly distinct from activities in the area of security cooperation where Luxembourg is also contributing to the collective effort to restore peace and security to the people of Mali.
Indeed, Luxembourg is also supporting the enhancement of the capabilities of Mali's Armed Forces and internal security forces. On the one hand this takes the form of two EU missions deployed in Mali, one of them military (EUTM), the other one civilian (EUCAP), to which Luxembourg Army and Grand Duchy police personnel are attached. The two missions also receive financial contributions to enable them to develop capacity-building, especially in the field of internet and communication technologies (ICT).
Luxembourg also contributes to UN's trust funds, in particular to support Mali's Armed Forces and improve protection against improvised explosive devices.